in liturgical Latin. "Christianity among the Religions in the Encyclopedia of Religion Religious Studies, Vol. 'universal was first used to describe the church in the early 2nd century. In 1870, the First Vatican Council declared the dogma of papal infallibility and the Kingdom of Italy annexed the city of Rome, the last portion of the Papal States to be incorporated into the new nation. 397 " CCC, 10381041". Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 4: Reformation of Church and Dogma (13001700). Bible Truth or Church Tradition,. 367 The new government also created the Patriotic Church and appointed its bishops.